Reach for the stars: to Be or not to be a man in Space

Inviting space at the same time so close and far away. It's already 2015, and we have not colonized Mars, has not built a station on the moon, not fly to see the comet at the weekend and went on a long journey in search of other civilizations in stellar space.

To the conclusion in the international scientific space station "Mir", which fell on February 19, 1986, the editors Droider considered the most interesting opinions about the plans of mankind in the Universe in the near future.

Dmitry Rogozin, Chairman of the Russian government, column in “Rossiyskaya Gazeta” argues that Russia has good chances for the implementation of a new cosmic breakthrough. In particular, the official sees the country's 3 main tasks that need to be solved in the coming years: "the expansion of our presence in low-earth orbits and the transition from development to use; the exploration and subsequent colonization of the moon and circumlunar space; preparation and the beginning of the development of Mars and other Solar system objects".

“We do not position the task of flying to the moon as the limited time and resources program. The moon is not an intermediate point in the distance, it is independent and even self-sufficient goal. Hardly it is expedient to do 10-20 missions to the moon, and then to drop everything, fly to Mars or asteroids. This process has a beginning but no end: we're going to come to the moon forever. Besides, flights to Mars, on asteroids, in our view, not only do not contradict exploration of the moon, but largely involve the process,” — wrote Rogozin.

A British cosmologist and astrophysicist Martin John Rice calls himself "a worried member of the human race" and urges people not to risk it and stop to entertain the thought that somewhere nearby you can find something similar to the Earth.

“I think it's important not to delude ourselves that we can solve all earth's problems by mass emigration into space. In the Solar system is not even such soft conditions, such as on the top of Everest or at the South Pole — so any event would be extremely risky,” says the scientist.

Sergei Yazev, doctor of physico-mathematical Sciences, senior researcher of the Institute of solar-terrestrial physics SB RAS, upholds the view of Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, who at the beginning of the last century believed that mankind was time to leave the cradle in search of a new refuge.

"We have to learn a new environment, they feel confident because the further development of mankind is directly related to these technologies. Therefore, a permanent human presence in space – first in space stations, then on permanent bases on the moon and Mars, I think, necessary, and returns (seemingly obvious) from these works would be enormous," — says yaz.

Elon Musk, one of the main hopes of the commercialization of space, believes that the colonization of Mars can save humanity from possible global cataclysm. interview the publication Aeon CEO of Tesla Motors and SpaceX said that people in around 100 thousand flights in the next century will be able to create on the red planet colony a population of 1 million people.

“an Asteroid or volcano can destroy us, but in addition, we are subject to risks, never newsense dinosaurs: an artificially created virus, random appearance of microscopic black holes in the physical experiment, catastrophic global warming, or some still unknown today breaking technology may terminate our existence. In the development of mankind took millions of years, but over the last 60 years of nuclear weapons has created the potential for self-destruction. Sooner or later our life will have to go beyond blue-green ball — or we will die out," says Musk.

And Mr. Musk does not exclude that besides us in the universe there are other civilizations.

“In the adventure game you can see the stars, but never reach. If this is not a simulator, it is possible that we are in a laboratory of an advanced civilization, which just curiously watching our development, like mold in a Petri dish,” — said the businessman.

Vladimir Kuznetsov, Director of IZMIRAN them. Pushkov sure that for manned spaceflight future, and people in space will be indispensable, so such a program in any case should not be collapsed.

"the human Participation in space exploration (manned program), as well as the opportunity at any time to send a man down, are necessary components of the cosmic doctrine. Achievements and technologies of manned space exploration over the past 50 years must not be lost, they need to improve and develop, and this requires that manned flights were planned and carried out" — said the scientist.

Peter Thiel, co-founder of PayPal, making a major bet on the space, however, notes the slow development of the industry and called for redoubled efforts to commercialization.

“Space is the boundless space that provides endless opportunities to escape from the world of politics. But there is one problem: since 1960-ies of the space technology developed very slowly, so the universe remains inaccessible place. We must redouble our efforts on the commercialization of space, but needs to be realistic. The libertarian future described in science fiction books Robert Heinlein, will not come until the second half of the XXI century.

Modern science fiction — the symbol of the crisis of our ideas. Now she talks about the technologies that either do not work or are used with malicious intent. A summary of the fiction of the 1970-ies were the following: "me and my robot friend are walking on the surface of the moon." And today it looks something like this: "the Galaxy is under the rule of the Confederation the fundamental Islamists, and some people destroy entire planets for fun"," notes Thiel.

According to the businessman, people have stopped dreaming of a happy future outside of the globe, and Facebook, Twitter, iPhone, and other everyday technologies will never lead the human race to the present progress.

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